Special Issue, 2011
This report is based on the premise that, despite birth and immigration policies, European states must face the inevitability of population ageing brought on by a low birth rate and increased life expectancy. This phenomenon gives rise to new challenges: from a social standpoint, it affects relationships between generations, bringing a need to redefine intergenerational solidarity; from an economic standpoint, demographic change could eventually lead to a loss of GDP per capita of around 10% by 2020, with the main response from European countries being to raise the retirement age.
The study offers a new framework to better grasp today's demographic upheaval, based on three factors: the concept of «active ageing», new intergenerational solidarity, and fresh impetus for civil and social dialogue.
In order to provide a tangible illustration of the issues and perspectives inherent in the phenomenon of population ageing, this report offers a number of country case studies and covers a range of best practices found in Europe.
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